Discover the Epic Origin Stories of India’s Legendary IITs – You Won’t Believe What They Overcame! (Engineers’ Day 2023)

Discover the Epic Origin Stories of India’s Legendary IITs – You Won’t Believe What They Overcame! (Engineers’ Day 2023) : Engineers’ Day 2023 celebrates the origin of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT). The concept of establishing these prestigious institutions was initially proposed in 1945 in a report authored by NM Sircar, a member of the Education division within the Viceroy’s Executive Council.

In 1946, Sir Jogendra Singh, another member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council, Department of Education, Health, and Agriculture, assembled a committee with the task of examining the establishment of Higher Technical Institutions to support post-war industrial development in India. Chaired by NR Sarkar, the committee’s recommendations included the creation of four higher technical institutions in different regions of India, drawing inspiration from the renowned Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the USA. The committee strongly urged the government to expeditiously initiate the establishment of these institutions in both Eastern and Western regions.

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The committee’s vision extended beyond the mere production of engineering graduates; they stressed the importance of research, nurturing research personnel, and developing technical educators. Their goal was to align with international research standards, with a target student ratio of 2:1 for undergraduates and postgraduates.

IIT Roorkee, originally founded in 1847 and designated as an IIT in 2001, boasts an impressive history spanning nearly 175 years. It commenced as a training school in Saharanpur in 1845 and was initially known as Thomason College of Engineering from 1847 to 1947. In 1853, it was renamed Thomason College of Civil Engineering. The institution introduced entrance exams in 1857 and became affiliated with Calcutta University in 1864, severing its affiliation with Allahabad University in 1905. In 1948, the Roorkee University Act was enacted, elevating Thomason College to university status in 1949.

IIT Varanasi, established in 1919 and granted IIT status in 2012, traces its origins to the founding of Banaras Engineering College (BENCO) in 1919. Subsequently, the College of Technology (TECHNO) and the College of Mining and Metallurgy (MINMET) were established and later merged to form the Institute of Technology (IT-BHU). On June 29, 2012, an Act of Parliament officially renamed it IIT (BHU) Varanasi. This venerable institution was founded by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya over a century ago.

Discover the Epic Origin Stories of India's Legendary IITs - You Won't Believe What They Overcame! (Engineers' Day 2023)
Discover the Epic Origin Stories of India’s Legendary IITs – You Won’t Believe What They Overcame! (Engineers’ Day 2023)

IIT Dhanbad, originally established in 1926 and designated as an IIT in 2016, has its roots in a resolution passed by the Indian National Congress in December 1901. The resolution emphasized the need for mining experts to oversee Indian mines, leading to the establishment of the Indian School of Mines and Applied Geology in Dhanbad on December 9, 1926, by Viceroy Lord Irwin. In 1996-97, the Indian government assumed control of the institute, and on September 6, 2016, it was officially rebranded as the Indian Institute of Technology, Dhanbad (IIT Dhanbad).

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