Global Diplomatic Triumph: How India’s G20 Summit Shook the World!

New Delhi: The G20 Leaders’ Summit, held with great enthusiasm in Delhi under India’s leadership, concluded on Sunday, receiving praise from the United States, which called it a resounding success. During a routine press briefing on Monday, Matthew Miller, the official spokesperson for the US State Department, expressed the view, “We firmly believe that it was indeed a success. The G20 is a substantial organization, counting Russia and China among its members.” This response came in response to a media inquiry about the success of the G20 Summit.

When questioned about Russia’s absence from the New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration, Miller explained, “Within the organization, there are members with diverse viewpoints. We consider the statement issued by the G20, which calls for the respect of territorial integrity and sovereignty while prohibiting their violation, to be exceptionally significant. This issue lies at the heart of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.”

Miller continued, “These are the very questions we believe needed to be addressed in a crucial statement.” In the New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration, issued on Saturday in the context of the Ukraine conflict, G20 nations declared, “The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible.”

Without naming Russia specifically, G20 member nations recalled the Bali declaration, emphasizing that all states must act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter in its entirety. They called for a “comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in Ukraine” and reminded member states to “refrain from threats or the use of force to pursue territorial gains.”

In line with the UN Charter, all states must refrain from threatening or using force to pursue territorial acquisition, respecting territorial integrity, sovereignty, or political independence of any state.

The New Delhi Declaration reaffirmed that the G20 remains the primary forum for international economic cooperation and recognized that, although geopolitical and security issues can impact the global economy, the G20 is not a platform for such matters.

G20 members called on all states to uphold international law principles, including territorial integrity and sovereignty, international humanitarian law, and the multilateral system that promotes peace and stability.

We are committed to addressing the adverse economic impact of the war and welcome relevant and constructive initiatives that support a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in Ukraine, in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter, promoting peaceful, friendly, and neighborly relations among nations in the spirit of ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future,'” the New Delhi Declaration concluded.

This marked India’s inaugural hosting of the G20 Summit, which took place in New Delhi on September 9-10. Extensive preparations were undertaken to showcase India’s traditions and strengths. During its presidency, India placed a strong emphasis on various issues, including inclusive growth, digital innovation, climate resilience, and equitable global health access. Following India’s presidency, Brazil is slated to assume the G20 presidency, succeeding Indonesia, which held the role last year.

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