India’s Meteoric Rise: From G20 Triumph to UNSC Powerhouse – What You NEED to Know!

India’s Meteoric Rise: From G20 Triumph to UNSC Powerhouse – What You NEED to Know! : The recent G20 summit held in New Delhi produced several tangible outcomes, but the most significant achievement was the heightened recognition of India as a robust economy and a significant global player. India, as the world’s fourth-largest economy and the successful landing of Chandrayaan 3, showcasing its technological prowess, has firmly positioned itself to play a leading role in international affairs. This elevation paves the way for New Delhi to secure a coveted permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), where it would join the current five members: the US, China, Russia, France, and the UK. India’s accomplishments demonstrate its qualifications to either replace one of the existing members or expand the council to a P6 configuration.

The successful G20 summit, characterized by commendable outcomes, skillful negotiations, and the delicate balancing of power dynamics, underscores New Delhi’s adeptness in addressing global challenges. For instance, the summit served as a litmus test for India’s ability to bridge differences and build consensus among nations with opposing stances, particularly in the context of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The Delhi Declaration managed to avoid contentious issues while amplifying India’s concerns, a testament to its negotiation skills.

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Notably, India’s commitment to fostering an inclusive world order was evident through the inclusion of the African Union (AU) as the 21st member of the prestigious G20, showcasing its dedication to global harmony.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi reiterated India’s rightful claim to a UNSC seat during his address at the ‘One Future’ session of the G20 summit before ceremoniously passing the presidency to Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. India has consistently played a pivotal role in advancing the United Nations’ goals, contributing over $40 million annually to support the organization’s peacekeeping operations, humanitarian endeavors, and the promotion of human rights. India’s financial responsibility is underscored by its prompt payment of regular budget assessments, a commitment shared by only 53 other member states. Additionally, India’s substantial contribution of nearly 195,000 troops, the largest from any nation, participating in 49 missions, with 168 Indian peacekeepers making the ultimate sacrifice, solidifies its commitment to UN missions. India also ranks as the second-largest contributor of troops, with 7,676 personnel deployed across 10 out of 16 active UN Peacekeeping Missions, including 760 police personnel.

Furthermore, India has played a pivotal role in international climate change efforts, notably contributing to the 2015 Paris Agreement and subsequently adopting comprehensive policy frameworks aimed at reducing carbon emissions and achieving net zero by 2070. India’s proposal of the groundbreaking Lifestyle for the Environment movement (LiFE) as part of the G20 agenda was a game-changer highlighted in the Delhi Declaration.

During his inaugural visit to India as US President for the G20 summit, Joe Biden praised India’s contributions during its G20 presidency and reaffirmed his support for India’s aspiration to become a permanent member of a reformed UNSC. This backing enhances India’s persistent efforts to reform the UNSC and secure its rightful permanent membership.

India's Meteoric Rise: From G20 Triumph to UNSC Powerhouse – What You NEED to Know!
India’s Meteoric Rise: From G20 Triumph to UNSC Powerhouse – What You NEED to Know!

Nevertheless, New Delhi must carefully evaluate the depth of commitment from the White House towards realizing this goal. Past assurances from the United States regarding India’s UNSC membership, such as those made by President Barack Obama in 2010, came with stipulations that India should actively align with US foreign policies, including sanctions on countries like Iran and Myanmar. Obama stressed the importance of India assuming a more proactive and responsible role in international affairs, including advocating for democracy in Myanmar. It is worth noting that India has already incurred costs in terms of strategic and economic influence by aligning with the US on sanctions against Iran and Myanmar.

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